Processo alla complessita` (Trial to the complexity)
"Processo alla complessita`" is a project that deals with the concept of complexity in its social declinations.
The work assemblies the contribution of several authors and explores the different aspects of social complexity: Episthemology, Politics, Ethics, Architecture, Urban studies.
The articles will be published in Italian by the publisher: Lettere da Cala`.
It follows a list of the abstracts of the articles:
Salvatore Ivan D’Agostino
Complessità ed anarchia
In this paper we tried to build a possibility of rational action within complexity. We have preliminarily used the concept of system according to Mario Bunge’s version in order to know complexity in a non-intuitive modality: this system is divided into four elements (composition, environment, structure and mechanism) and it is believed that it can effectively provide the tools to know reality in its various aspects. We have also tried to make a perspicuous concept of anarchy definitely far from what is commonly understood, a concept that implies freedom (mostly positive), auto-improvement and a non-competitive vision of the human being: this concept has been connected to that of power, meant as social power, and to that of authority, meant as legitimate social power (meant as exclusively moral legitimacy). At the end of the present work we tried to connect the two above outlined concepts of system and anarchy in order to make conceivable a rational action in the complexity of a social, non-violent action because it is based on actual knowledge of things (as possible). Since only a correct knowledge can enable to act profitably and only anarchy in the version we outlined can give a rational legitimacy to the action, reason can satisfactorily aspire to direct man’s action in society instead of violence.
L’inevitabile complessita` dell'architettura
di Sebastiano D’Urso
At a distance of almost fifty years after the publication of Complexity and contradiction in architecture (1966), manifesto of the architectural postmodernism of Robert Venturi, it seems that the complexity, as evidenced in the assay, does not remain that the inevitabile contradictions, while contemporary architecture is becoming ever more complex.
The increasing level of complexity of the contemporary society in fact is matched by an equal response in terms of instruments, codes and languages that are chasing the understanding while they represent the appearance.
Contemporary society shows the highest level of complexity, mainly in the cities, where they occur, among other, the numerous architectural antonyms in terms of: project of city and project of buildings; new and old; memory and oblivion; company and sustainability; distance and proximity; space and place; landscape and territory; man or environment; individual and society; time or duration; form and existence; and so on up to embrace every aspect of human life.
The architecture, as a means of construction of the artificial reality but at the same time knowledge of the natural one, as may be a response to the requests of complexity? How to accomplish the inevitable complexity of the architecture?
Etymologycally the term complex derives from the latin language complexus, past participle of complecti and it’s composed of com-and plecti (plexus). Plexus, plexum from latin, past participle of plectere (braiding), originates from the root PEK (bend).
In fact, complexity, just to be understood, needs to be explained, turning, unraveled, as plaiting repeated, sometimes randomly, of more elements.
The complexity term, in its recent meaning, establishing itself in recent decades has come under the influence of computerization and with increasing inclination to give up the scientific assumptions of linearity in dynamical systems to investigate more thoroughly the behavior and interactions-
Today striking the exponential increase of neologisms and linguistic terminology. In this new linguistic Babel often is perceived redundancy and excessive rhetoric that these terms are hiding, to make us doubt the real necessity of the use of such terms.
Often this process is instrumental for self-definition of the problem itself, almost to justify a campaign of research and academic-learning applications.
The continuous abuse of the concept of 'sustainable development' and the recent use of the ugly term "Smart City" are two clear examples, the first in a positive sense the second in the negative.
Dalla complessità verso un’epistemologia dell’azione.
The paper wants to show some reflections on the management of real processes.
Starting from the shared principles of the epistemology of complexity, we want to highlight the relationship that exists between the systemic and integrated approach and methods of knowledge production through inclusive processes and action research. To develop the cognitive democracy was talking Morin and overcome the sovereignty of deductive logic-identity, in charge of 'knowledge blind', you must give the tools to update your toolbox. The promotion of new paradigms involves the search for new modes of action.
Teoria della controplessita`.
In this paper I introduce a new concept that I call Counterplexity.
I define Counterplexity as the state of the social systems in which
1) The marginal returns is lower than in the previous degree of complexity;
2) No increase of complexity can determine an increase of the payoffs without a Counterplex decrease;
3) Although the best strategy for the society would be a decrease of complexity, the dominant strategy for the ruling players is keeping the degree of complexity beyond the counterplex maximum.
The society under counterplexity is a society in which
• the improvement of the local space is smaller than the peripheral degradation,
• the increase of velocity is lower than the increase of the space to cover,
• the technics allows to save less time than the time necessary to process the degree of complexity,
• the increase of knowledge increases less than the knowledge necessary to manage the degree of complexity.
Therefore we can say that Counterplexity is the study of the social systems in which the whole is less than the sum of its parts.
Etica della complessità e limiti dello sviluppo.
The essay opens with the knowledge of complexity like two –faced Janus : the complexity as an account of facts that today has had the outline of the liquidity where the fundamental points of the eighteenth –nineteenth industrial society definitely disappear and, on the other hand, of the complexity as heuristic instrument that urges to overcome the strictness of the knowledge and of the partial and sectarian perspectives ,rather suggesting the globalization of the knowledge and answers, so a global and collective perspective even compared with seemingly local and individual problems.
Hence, the need for an ethics of complexity as a possible way of approaching the human condition in the third millennium. The main obstacle of this moral approach to complexity consists in the necessity to take into account two completely new data, that is the limit to the development considered as a decisive tie of man’s relationship with the biosphere and the wicked and pervasive nature of the model of the unlimited consumption.
From this comparison it seems possible to understand and, may be to undermine, the decay of contemporary mankind.
Saperci fare con la complessità: verso le pratiche.
Gli dei ci creano tante sorprese: l’atteso non si compie e all’inatteso un dio apre la via.
Gregory Bateson soleva dire che se dai un calcio a una palla da biliardo su un pavimento perfettamente liscio sai benissimo dove va a finire. Ma se invece dai un calcio a un cane, non sai affatto come va a finire: il cane può scappare, rifugiarsi guaendo in un’altra stanza, oppure morderti. Ciò accade perché il sistema calcio-palla da biliardo è un sistema non complesso, mentre invece il sistema uomo-calcio-cane è complesso (e lo sono anche sia l’uomo che il cane). Questo piccolo esempio racchiude in sé ed esprime in modo per l’appunto esemplare tutte le caratteristiche chiave della complessità. Ma spieghiamo un po’ meglio .
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